The consequence of international relations is the emergence of international law. International relations that have been practiced by countries in the world have given birth rights and obligations between legal subjects (state). Therefore, international law is absolutely necessary in order to guarantee the smoothness of international association
- Understanding of International Law Prof. Dr. Mochtar Kusumaatmaja said that International Law is the whole rules and principles governing relations or issues that cross the borders of the state between the state and the state, the countries with other international legal subjects.
International law is divided into two parts:
a. International Civil Law, is an international law that regulates legal relations between citizens in a country and citizens of other countries (law between nations)
b. International public law, is an international law that governs one country with another in international relations (Intercultural Law)
- Principles of International Law
The principles applicable in international law are:
1. Territorial Principle, According to this principle, the state implements the law for all persons and all goods within its territory.
2. The principle of Nationality, according to this principle settled citizens wherever he is, still get legal treatment from his country. This principle has extraterritorial powers, meaning that state law remains in force for a citizen even if he is in another country.
3. General Interest, according to this principle, the state may adapt to all circumstances and events pertaining to the public interest. Thus, the law is not bound to the boundaries of a country’s territory.
- Subject of International Law
International law subjects consist of:
c. Holy See
d. The International Red Cross
e. International Organization
Some Experts say that the rebels are part of the subject of international law.
- International Legal Resources
Sources of law can be divided into two parts, namely:
a. Sources of legal Material namely everything that discusses the basis of law enforcement of a country.
b. The source of formal law, the source from which we obtain or find the provisions of international law.