As a universal and holistic religion that not only regulates the ritual worship, but also has the rules and foundations of faith for Muslims, from small to large affairs, such as love, zakat, prayer, inheritance, marriage and many again. For this reason, the main function of the 5 pillars of Islam and the six pillars of faith always practiced by Muslims is vital. Basically the Shari’a of Islam according to the Koran regulates the human relationship with God and human relationships with humans and other living beings.
Understanding Islamic Law
Understanding Islamic law or Islamic Shari’a is a system of rules based on the revelation of Allah SWT and hadist about the behavior of people who can already be burdened with recognized and believed obligations, which is binding for all adherents. And this refers to what the Apostle has done to execute it totally. Shari’a according to the term means the laws commanded by Allah for His people brought by a Prophet, whether related to belie
Islamic according to language means the path through which mankind goes to Allah SWT. And Islam is not just a religion that teaches about how to worship to God alone. The existence of a rule or system of provisions of Allah SWT to regulate human relationship with Allah SWT. and human relationship with each other. The rule comes from all Islamic teachings, especially the Qur’an and Hadist.
Understanding the source of Islamic law
The definition of Islamic law is the Shari’a which means the rule of God for His people brought by a Prophet , both the law relating to belief aqidah as well as the laws relating to the deeds committed by Muslims altogether.
Sources of Islamic Laws
Islamic law is not just a theory but is a rule to be applied in the joints of human life. Because of the many problems encountered, generally in the field of religion that often makes Muslims think that tends to the difference. That is why the source of Islamic law as a solution, which is as follows:
The first source of Islamic law is the Qur’an, a Muslim holy book that was revealed to the last prophet, the Prophet Muhammad through the Angel Gabriel. The Qur’an contains contents containing orders, prohibitions, suggestions, stories of Islam, provisions, wisdom and so on. The Qur’an explains in detail how man should live his life in order to create a society of noble character. Thus, the verses of the Qur’an became the main basis for establishing a Shari’a.
The second source of Islamic law is Al-Hadist, ie everything that is based on the Prophet Muhammad. Be it words, behavior, silence. In Al-Hadist there are rules that detail all the rules that are still global in the Qur’an. The word hadist which experienced the expansion of meaning so that it is synonymous with the hadist it can mean any word (word), deeds, decrees and approval of Rasulullah SAW which is used as a decree or Islamic law.
- Ijma ‘
The agreement of all mujtahid scholars at one time after the Prophet’s time on a matter in religion. “And ijma ‘accountable is what happened in the days of Companions, Tabiin (after Companions), and Tabi’ut Tabiin (after Tabiin). Because after their time the scholars have dispersed and the numbers are many, and more and more disagreements, so it is not certain that all scholars have agreed.
The fourth source of Islamic law after the Al-Quran, Al-Hadith and Ijma ‘is Qiyas. Qiyas means to explain something that there is no argument nashnya in Al quran or hadith by comparing something similar to something that want to know the law.
This means that if a texts have already demonstrated the law of a case in Islam and it has been known through one method of knowing the legal matter, then there is another case similar to the case of the texts in such a case, then the case law is likened to Existing case law.
Kinds of Islamic Law
Each of the joints of human life, there are rules of rules that must be obeyed. If it is in society then the law of society must be upheld. Similarly, embracing Islam, the religion that has rules. And the first rule we must understand is the rule of God. All Divine rules in all forms of the laws of human life are contained in the Qur’an, which has been explained in the hadist of the Prophet . The following are various Islamic laws,
Compulsory is something deeds that if done will get a reward and if left behind will be tortured. Examples of deeds that have compulsory laws are five-time prayers, wearing hijab for women, fasting, performing Hajj for the able, respecting non-Muslims and more.
The Sunnah is something that