The international justice system is the elements or components of the international judiciary that are regularly interrelated to form a unity in order to achieve inter-national justice. These components consist of the International Court of Justice, the International Criminal Court, as well as the Special Panels, and the International Criminal Specialties.
Components of the International Judicial System
The components or elements in a system of existence are very important for the implementation of the system itself. The loss of a single element in a system can hinder the running of the system.
The same is true of the components of the international justice system. All components of the international justice system should support and co-operate in international justice.
Components in the international judicial system are as follows.
1. International Court of Justice
International Court of Justice or abbreviated MI is the main organ of the United Nations judiciary, based in The Hague, Netherlands. The Court has been functioning since 1946. The primary function of the International Court of Justice is to resolve international dispute cases whose subject is the state.
The composition of the International Court of Justice consists of fifteen judges. Fifteen candidates for the judges of the International Court of Justice were recruited from qualified member states in the field of international law. In electing members of the International Court of Justice, an independent ballot is conducted by the General Assembly (MU) and the Security Council (DK). Usually the five judges of the International Court of Justice are from permanent members of the UN Security Council.
The International Court of Justice has the following duties.
a. Examining disputes or disputes between UN member states submitted to it.
Giving opinion to the UN General Assembly on inter-member UN member settlement disputes.
b. Appeals to the UN Security Council to act on any party that does not implement the International Court of Justice decision.
c. Advise legal issues with the UN General Assembly and Security Council.
The International Court of Justice is in charge of examining and adjudicating disputes in both dispute and counsel. Therefore, the International Court of Justice has the following powers.
Apply the jurisdiction of the jurisdiction over ordinary matters under the terms of the parties’ agreement in the dispute.
Giving opinion advisory opinion is the opinion of the court that is advice. Advisory opinion has no binding nature, but is usually applied as a legal decision, namely a mandatory decision that has strong or suggested power to implement.
2. The International Criminal Court
The International Criminal Court, abbreviated is the International Criminal Court which stands permanently under a multilateral treaty and is in charge of the supremacy of international law. The International Criminal Court ensures that perpetrators of serious international crimes are convicted. Types of serious crimes in question are crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, war crimes, and crimes of aggression.
3. Special Panels and Special Crimes International
The international criminal special panel is abbreviated as PKPI. Like the international criminal panel abbreviated PSPI. The international criminal special panel is abbreviated and the international criminal panel abbreviated are international judicial institutions that try suspects of non-permanent crimes. That is, have tried this court disbanded.
These are the elements or components of the international judiciary that are regularly interrelated to form a unity in order to achieve international justice.